MercatorNet: Hacking Hospitals and Holding Data Hostage

I have a new article at MecatorNet on the rise of ransomware and hacking hospital networks. When I pitched this idea, I was thinking that this would be a medical data privacy issue, but as I was doing the research, I found that hospital hacking was not really about about data privacy, but is a tech-savvy way to commit an old fashioned crime.

Check out “Hacking Hospitals and Holding Data Hostage.”

Quartz: Pigs with Human Hearts, and Other Wild Tales from the Future of Organ Donation

I have a new article in Quartz, an online publication that hits a wide audience and is geared toward the global business community. Find my article here, “Pigs with human hearts, and other wild tales from the future of organ donation.”

pigletsI had been interested in writing an article about some of the weird alternatives to organ donation for a while. New research on xenotransplantation (organs from animals), gene editing, human-animal chimeras, 3D printing, and mechanical organs sounded both weird and hopeful that one day scientists may find an alternative to obtaining organs from cadavers. However, while these new technologies may solve one of bioethics’ classic dilemmas, too few organs for the people who need them, it brings up new and complex questions about life, death, and what it means to be human.

MercatorNet: Bodyhackers: The Rebel-Punk Transhumanists

I have a new article at a new venue for me. MercatorNet is an international online publication that is dedicated to re-framing ethical and policy debates in terms of human dignity. My article is on bodyhackers, people who take a “hacker’s approach” to enhancing their bodies. Bodyhackers have made headlines for implanting magnets in their fingertips, headphones in their ears, or LED lights under their skin.

Check out my article here.

Article Announcement: When Baby Making Takes Three: You, Me, and She

I have a new article in Christian Research Journal (by subscription only) that discusses the ethics of altruistic and commercial surrogacy. I look at Jennifer Lahl’s documentary, Breeders: A sub-class of women, where she interviews former surrogates. For this piece, I spoke to a couple of experts to get their insight on gestational surrogacy: Paige Cunningham, president of The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity,* and C. Ben Mitchell, author and Graves Professor of Moral Philosophy Union University.


*I update, a website that is a project of CBHD, and write articles for CBHD’s newsletter.

Robot Ethics

In grad school I wrote a paper about Asimov’s three laws of robotics and whether they were analogous to an ethical system called divine command theory. I thought I was being clever since robots are programmed to do certain things, and a “good” robot does what it is programmed to do. The paper was a dud. I probably should have written about principlism, since pretty much all of Asimov’s robot stories are about what happens when his three laws conflict with each other. Live and learn.

Even though the paper flopped, my research for that paper was very helpful in looking at the various ways that people have tried to address the question of robot ethics. Robot ethics has become increasingly important as we automate complex activities that interface with humans.

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The Stream: Panel Says FDA Should Approve Experiments on Male ‘Three-Parent’ Embryos

I have a new article at The Stream on the U.S.’s Institute of Medicine’s recommendation that the FDA approve mitochondrial transfer, or what is being called “three-parent IVF” in the media. Read about it here.

Is It a Bad Habit or an Addiction?

The recent issue of Scientific American has an article by Carl Erik Fisher, a psychiatrist and bioethics professor at Columbia University, in which he explores whether behavioral addictions are mental illnesses or just bad habits. His article, “Food, sex, gambling, the internet: When is it addiction?” is available by subscription.

Fisher defines behavioral addictions as “an overwhelming, repetitive and harmful pattern of behaviors apart from drug or alcohol abuse.” Behavioral addictions are things like an addiction to gambling or shopping or video games or sex. The DSM-5, the encyclopedia of mental disorders, has a category for gambling addiction, and “internet gaming disorder” was added to the appendix as needing further study.

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Salvo: What Is Natural?

Check out my latest post at Salvo’s blog, Signs of the Times. I look at the Nuffield Council on Bioethics report on how the words “natural,” “unnatural,” and “nature” are used in the media, journals, and in other venues. In other words, what does it mean when someone says, “Genetic modification is so unnatural” or “I only eat things that are natural”? The UK-based bioethics council is concerned about how this kind of value-laden language affects people’s acceptance of new technologies.

New for 2016

As I enter into my fifth year of trying my hand at this wild ride called freelance science writing, I’ve decided to make some changes to my business. Some of this is behind-the-scenes and some will be pretty apparent. I am still in the process of revamping my business plan, but here are few of the changes that are in store:

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Medical Blackmail

In light of other recent news, it was easy to ignore another star’s sordid life confessional. If you missed it, Charlie Sheen decided to disclose that he was diagnosed with HIV four years ago. His choice to go public was spurned by blackmail threats by one, or perhaps more, of his past partners. Sheen’s poor life choices aside, medical blackmail is a growing concern in a time when medical information is vulnerable to disclosure. It goes beyond an individual exploiting a juicy piece of gossip for personal gain. Now that electronic medical records are becoming more common, just how often does medical blackmail happen?

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Salvo: Can We Make an Embryo in a Dish?

Human_blastocystMy latest post in Salvo’s Signs of the Times addresses a question posed by several researchers from Australia, The Netherlands, and the U.K. in a recent commentary in Nature Methods: What if stem cells turn into embryos in a dish?

While it is not yet possible to turn pluripotent stem cells into embryos, it may one day be.

China Genetically Engineers Dog to Have More Muscle

It’s the stuff of comic book lore. A young woman who was a former professional athlete gave birth to a baby with unusually developed muscles. She did not give the identity of the boy’s father, but several members of her family have been known to have unusual strength. She was muscular, herself, although not as remarkably strong as her son.

All tests showed that the boy was healthy and normal except for his unusual muscle mass. When the child was four years old, scientists did genetic and biological studies to determine the cause of his unusual features and found that he lacked a gene related to muscle building called myostatin. At four he was able to hold 3kg (~6.6 lbs) dumbbells in each hand with his arms extended horizontally. The child had twice the muscle mass and half the body fat of other children his age. His parents keep his identity a secret to maintain his privacy.

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Proposed Changes to the Common Rule

Current laws about federally funded human subject research were last updated in 1991. Since then, the Human Genome Project was completed, and an entire field, known as epigenetics, has arisen from this. Just recently, a new robust gene-editing tool, CRISPR-Cas9, blew away older versions of gene editing. It is now “fast” and “easy” to analyze and make DNA in the laboratory, and if a researcher has access to your genetic material that material can be traced back to you. A lot has happened in genetics since 1991.

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Sometimes Bioethicists Should Get in the Way

In an opinion-editorial in the Boston Globe Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker wrote that the best thing bioethicists can do to help society is to get out of the way:

Biomedical research, then, promises vast increases in life, health, and flourishing. Just imagine how much happier you would be if a prematurely deceased loved one were alive, or a debilitated one were vigorous — and multiply that good by several billion, in perpetuity. Given this potential bonanza, the primary moral goal for today’s bioethics can be summarized in a single sentence. Get out of the way.

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Planned Parenthood Videos

My typical bioethics beat is not in the area of abortion, but the recent release of undercover sting videos exposing Planned Parenthood’s business in body parts and the subsequent attempts to block the media from reporting on them call for attention from bioethicists. Since certain groups (the larger media outlets) have been pressured to not to report on this, I am linking independent news commentary about the videos. Some of the commentaries include a link to the videos. I am going to warn you that the videos, particularly the 3rd, 4th, and 5th videos contain graphic content. Also, I do not encourage watching these videos out of morbid curiosity. If you work in bioethics or medical ethics or are reporting on this, then it is important to watch the videos before commenting on them, to get the facts straight and sift what is being reported in the media. Others of you, may just want to watch the conversations and stop when the laboratory warning comes onto the screen.

I am linking articles from The Stream. Jay Richards is the executive editor. I have met him as well as one of writers. They both do good work and run more in these circles than I do.

The laws in question are in the article accompanying the 5th video link below (dated August 4), “The sale or purchase of human fetal tissue is a federal felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison or a fine of up to $500,000 (42 U.S.C. 289g-2). Federal law also requires that no alteration in the timing or method of abortion be done for the purposes of fetal tissue collection (42 U.S.C. 289g-1).”

However, it is also worth mentioning that the law does not direct our moral compass. It is the other way around. Our moral compass dictates what laws we pursue and what laws we vote on. And, in the past, particularly when you look into the history of bioethics and medicine, there have been some things that were legal but were still unethical.

New Video Exposes Planned Parenthood Selling Body Parts from Partial-Birth Abortions” (July 14, 2015) This is the first Planned Parenthood video.

Investigations into Planned Parenthood Announced by Congress, States” (July 15, 2015)

2nd Undercover Video of Planned Parenthood Points Even More Strongly to Illegal Activity” (July 21, 2015) This is the second Planned Parenthood video.

The Price of Fetal Parts” (July 23, 2015) This is an opinion editorial by Charles Krauthammer.

How Will Planned Parenthood’s Media Shills Explain Away the Newest Undercover Video?” (July 28, 2015) This is the third Planned Parenthood video.

Fourth Sting Video: Planned Parenthood Doctor Discusses Fetuses Born Alive, Avoiding Legal Consequences” (July 30, 2015)

Abortionist Admits ‘It’s a Baby’ in New Planned Parenthood Video” (July 30, 2015)

Federal Judge Blocks Release of Sting Videos Targeting the National Abortion Federation” (August 1, 2015)

5th Sting Video: Intact Fetuses ‘Just a Matter of Line Items’ for Planned Parenthood Mega-Center” (August 4, 2015) This is the fifth video.


Retractions Everywhere

Watchdog websites like Retraction Watch are not going out of business any time soon. It seems like there has been an uptick in the number of retractions in the peer-reviewed literature recently. Some have been high profile blunders, like the STAP stem cells case, while most are minor papers with issues of reproducibility, double-dipping, or image doctoring.

(See here for a New York Times article highlighting some of the most high-profile retractions in the last twenty years.)

There are three responses to the influx of retractions:

  • Fraud and misconduct have always happened; we’re just better at catching it.
  • The problem is in academia’s emphasis on “publish-or-perish.”
  • This is an example of how science polices itself.

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Book Review: The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

Immortal life of Henrietta Lacks

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
by Rebecca Skloot
Broadway Books, 2010


It was a time when donated blood was labeled “colored.” Hospitals were segregated. Consent laws were in flux, and cellular biology was a growing field. It was during this time that Henrietta Lacks, a young African-American mother living in Baltimore, visited Johns Hopkins University Hospital because she had a tumor in her cervix. When doctors went in to remove the tumor, they also took a sample to grow in a cell culture.

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Resources to Bring You Up-to-Speed on the Recent News of Genetically Edited Embryos

Genetically modifying adult cells is one thing. Genetically modifying an embryo is another. Why the difference?

This fundamental difference is what has many scientists in an uproar over research out of China in which scientists genetically edited a human embryo. Editing an adult’s (or a child’s) cells only changes the person who is receiving treatment. Editing an embryo, an egg, or sperm changes not only the person (or potential person in the case of gamete modification), but his or her entire family line.

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March 31, 2015: Ten Years after Terri Schiavo’s Death

The Terri Schiavo case was in the news for several years before she eventually died from dehydration on March 31, 2005. Admittedly, at the time it was a case that was only marginally on my radar. I was pursuing my undergraduate degree in chemistry when the news was buzzing about it, and I was neck-deep into my master’s degree when she eventually died.

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